Dynamic Microphone – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Recording Techniques Glossary

What is a dynamic microphone?

A dynamic microphone is a type of microphone that converts sound waves into electrical signals through electromagnetic induction. It is commonly used in live performances, recording studios, and broadcasting due to its durability and ability to handle high sound pressure levels.

How does a dynamic microphone work?

A dynamic microphone consists of a diaphragm, a coil of wire, and a magnet. When sound waves hit the diaphragm, it vibrates, causing the coil to move within the magnetic field generated by the magnet. This movement creates an electrical current that corresponds to the sound waves, which is then sent to a recording device or amplifier.

What are the advantages of using a dynamic microphone?

One of the main advantages of using a dynamic microphone is its durability. Dynamic microphones are built to withstand rough handling and high sound pressure levels, making them ideal for live performances and recording loud instruments like drums and electric guitars. They also do not require external power sources, making them convenient for on-the-go recording.

When should you use a dynamic microphone in recording?

Dynamic microphones are best suited for recording loud sound sources, such as drums, electric guitars, and brass instruments. They are also commonly used for live vocals due to their ability to handle high sound pressure levels without distorting. In general, dynamic microphones are a versatile choice for recording in noisy environments or when durability is a concern.

How to properly care for and maintain a dynamic microphone?

To ensure the longevity of your dynamic microphone, it is important to handle it with care and keep it clean. Avoid dropping or mishandling the microphone, as this can damage the internal components. Additionally, regularly clean the microphone grille and windscreen to prevent the buildup of dirt and debris. Store the microphone in a protective case when not in use to prevent damage.

What are some popular models of dynamic microphones used in recording?

Some popular models of dynamic microphones used in recording include the Shure SM57 and SM58, the Sennheiser MD 421, and the Electro-Voice RE20. These microphones are known for their durability, versatility, and high-quality sound reproduction, making them popular choices among recording engineers and musicians. Each of these models has its own unique characteristics and is suitable for different recording applications.